Grow Onions in Pakistan – Moji Mall Guide

Quick Summary Table

Best Planting TimeOctober to November for bulb onions; February to March for spring onions
Soil TypeWell-drained, fertile soil; pH 6.0–6.8
Sowing Depth1/4 to 1/2 inch
Seed Spacing4 to 6 inches apart in rows 12-18 inches apart
WateringRegular, to keep soil consistently moist
FertilizingBalanced fertilizer at planting, high in phosphorus and potassium during growth
Harvest Time90-120 days post-planting for bulb onions; 60-80 days for spring onions
StorageCool, dry, well-ventilated place for bulb onions; refrigerate spring onions


Embark on growing onions in Pakistan with Moji Mall’s comprehensive guide. This guide is designed to help gardeners at all levels cultivate both bulb and spring onions, enriching their culinary experiences with home-grown flavor.

Soil Preparation

  1. Optimal Location: Onions prefer a location with full sunlight.
  2. Soil Quality and Preparation: Well-drained, fertile soil is essential. Enrich the soil with organic matter such as compost or aged manure before planting. Moji Mall’s vermicompost is ideal for enhancing soil fertility.
  3. Soil pH: The ideal soil pH for onions is between 6.0 and 6.8. Adjust the soil pH if necessary using Moji Mall’s limestone powder or sulfur.

Seed Selection and Sowing

  1. Seed Variety: Choose onion varieties that are suitable for the local climate. There are varieties that are better suited for longer or shorter days.
  2. Sowing Time: Plant bulb onion seeds from October to November and spring onions from February to March.
  3. Planting Technique: Sow seeds about 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep, spacing them 4 to 6 inches apart. Ensure rows are spaced 12-18 inches apart.
  4. Watering After Sowing: After planting, water the soil gently but thoroughly to ensure even moisture for germination.

Care and Maintenance

  1. Watering: Onions require consistent moisture to develop well. Regular watering is important, particularly during dry spells, to maintain evenly moist soil.
  2. Thinning Seedlings: Thin seedlings to ensure adequate space for each onion to grow, particularly for bulb onions.
  3. Weed Control: Keep the onion bed free of weeds. Mulching can help retain soil moisture and suppress weed growth.


  1. Fertilization at Planting: Apply a balanced fertilizer at planting time. Onions benefit from a well-balanced nutrient supply.
  2. Growth Stage Fertilization: Once the onions start to form bulbs, apply a fertilizer high in phosphorus and potassium to encourage robust growth.

Pest and Disease Management

  1. Pest Monitoring: Regularly check for pests such as onion flies and thrips. Use appropriate organic or chemical controls as needed.
  2. Disease Prevention: Good air circulation, crop rotation, and avoiding overcrowding can help prevent many diseases. Avoid wetting the foliage to reduce the risk of fungal diseases.


  1. Harvest Timing: Bulb onions are typically ready to harvest 90-120 days after planting, when the tops begin to yellow and fall over. Spring onions can be harvested sooner, around 60-80 days post-planting.
  2. Harvesting Technique: Gently pull the onions from the soil or use a garden fork to lift them.


  1. Storing Bulb Onions: Cure bulb onions in a warm, dry, well-ventilated area for several weeks before storing in a cool, dry place.
  2. Storing Spring Onions: Refrigerate spring onions in a plastic bag for short-term storage.


  1. How often should I water onions? Water regularly to keep the soil consistently moist, especially during bulb development.
  2. Can onions be grown in containers? Yes, onions can be grown in containers with adequate depth and good drainage.
  3. What causes onions to bolt? Bolting, or premature flowering, can be caused by fluctuating temperatures or stress.
  4. How do I know when onions are ready to harvest? Harvest bulb onions when the tops yellow and fall over. For spring onions, harvest when they reach the desired size.
  5. Can I save seeds from my onion plants? Yes, allow some plants to flower and set seed for seed saving.


Growing onions in Pakistan can be a fulfilling gardening endeavor, providing a staple ingredient for many culinary creations. With Moji Mall’s guide, you’re set to enjoy the unique taste of home-grown onions.

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